History of Bulgaria

Peoples who once inhabited the area of ​​today's Bulgaria, as well as the nations moving through these lands as a result of historical storms, left a permanent mark on the customs of today's inhabitants of this country. Thracian culture mixed with the influence of Roman colonists, the habits of the barbarians ravaging these lands, and finally, the model of life for people who settled here in the 6th century. The Slavs and the constantly disturbing Byzantium, gave a cultural foundation to the v 681 r. to the Proto-Bulgar state. Warlike, Tiucsko-Tatar tribe, who, after dispersing the Byzantine troops, boldly stormed Dobruja under the leadership of Khan Asparuch, it was quickly absorbed by the Slavic element. In just two centuries, the proto-Bulgarian language has almost completely disappeared, whose few relics (together with the word "Bulgarian”) can be found in modern language. Such a specifically shaped Bulgarian state with its capital in Pliška quickly gained strength and importance.
At the beginning of the 9th century. - during the reign of Khan Krum - Bulgaria became significant, a power that even threatened Byzantium, and its borders reached the Dniester and Tisza. W 865 r. Tsar Boris I was baptized by the Greek clergy, thus including Bulgaria in the sphere of influence of Byzantine culture. During the reign of Tsar Boris' successor - Simeon (893—927) - Bulgaria experienced its' golden age”. Great economic development, the impressive capital in Presław, revived literary work under the special patronage of the tsar command, że ówczesna Bułgaria na długo wyprzedziła w swoim rozwoju wiele państw Europy. Spadkobiercy autokratora Symeona nie potrafili jednak utrzymać potęgi państwa. W XI w. Bulgaria at approx 170 years came under the rule of Byzantium,
The Second Bulgarian Empire was created as a result of a national uprising, what w 1185 r. was stirred up by two tyrnów boyars - Asen and Piotr. Bulgaria has returned to its former glory, whose capital was now Tarnovo, during the times of the great rulers - Kaloyan and Ivan-Asen, becoming the most powerful country in the Balkans. Over time, however, internal struggles for power, foreign interventions and the first peasant uprising in Europe led to the division of the state into two parts. Such a weakened Bulgaria - long plagued by the Turks - became their easy prey. W 1393 r. Tarnovo fell after three months of bloody fighting. Bulgaria lost its independence for close 500 years. The heavy yoke of the Ottoman state, constant repression of the deprived "rai” they constitute a shocking page in the history of the Bulgarian nation. Attempts to resist were bloodily suppressed, and none of the emergence had the desired effect. Only in 1878 r. Russia's war with Turkey liberated Bulgaria after five centuries of captivity.